Water Chemistry 101

Water Chemistry 101

Understanding the key elements that make up your water quality is an important part in advancing from beginner to experienced aquarist.  There is an old saying , we aren’t actually managing the fish, we are managing the water.  Here is a basic rundown of what we measure and why.

PH

PH or Potential Hydrogen is a measure of the acidity of water, the scale runs from 0 to 14  with PH of 7.0 being neutral, below 7.0 being acid and above 7.0 being alkaline or base.

KH (Hardness)

GH

NH3/4

NO2

NO3

TDS / Conductivity